I’ve often heard my students complaining about French Adjectives…
Such a nightmare for them! They can have so many different forms!
Please, let me explain before giving up!
French Adjectives are words describing people or things.
- They change according to what they are describing
- They may be masculine or feminine and singular or plural.
What you need to remember is that playing with adjectives will allow you to transform any sentence in a masculine, feminine or plural form.
How to learn French adjectives
Adjectives must agree in number and gender with the noun they modify.
Fortunately the vast majority of adjectives have a regular form:
- French adjectives add -e to the masculine form to form the feminine
Il est petit (He is small)
Elle est petite (She is small)
Il est poli (He is polite)
Elle est polie (She is polite)
Il est fatigué (He is tired)
Elle est fatiguée (She is tired)
Note that you can’t add an -e to adjectives ending in -e.
- They add -s to the singular form to form the plural
Ils sont fatigués (They are tired)
Elles sont fatiguées (They are tired)
There are other ways in which they French adjectives can change.
Here are the rules:
- Adjectives ending in -x change to -se to form the feminine.
- Adjectives ending in -f change to -ve to form the feminine.
- Adjectives ending in -c change to -che to form the feminine.
- Adjectives ending in -er change to -ère to form the feminine.
Cher (Expensive, dear)
Chère (Expensive, dear)
- Adjectives ending in -eur change to -euse (if derived from a verb), othewise -rice to form the feminine.
- French adjectives ending in -el, -eil, -il, -en, -on, -s double the final consonant before adding -e to form the feminine.
Pareil (Same, similar)
Pareille (Same, similar)
Gros (Big, fat)
Grosse (Big, fat)
- French adjectives ending in -eu or -eau add -x to form the masculine plural.
Nouveaux (New ones)
- French adjectives ending in -al change to -aux to form the masculine plural.