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French ir Verbs

French ir Verbs

On the previous page, you learned how to conjugate -er verbs. Now it’s time to move forward and learn how to conjugate French IR Verbs with this Audio lesson.

First fact: there are around 300 regular French ir verbs.

These verbs belong to the second group of the 8000 verbs (and you remember that 7200 of them belong to  the first group alone – er verbs).

Let me now explain the ir verb conjugation pattern. Then I recommend that you register to the FREE Live online Classes for beginners below.

1. How to identify French ir verbs or the second conjugation pattern?

Similarly to the -er verbs, check the verb form endings.
The infinitive form of the verb ending in -ir, such as choisir indicates that the verb belong to the second group of the regular verbs in French.

2. How to conjugate ir verbs in French for forming the present tense?

If you want to conjugate a regular -ir verb:

  • drop the -ir ending from the infinitive form
  • add the appropriate conjugation endings to each person of the verb:

is for je, is for tu, it for il/elle, issons for nous, issez for vous, issent for ils/elles.

FINIR (TO FINISH)

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Je finis (I finish)

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Tu finis (You finish)

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Il finit (He finishes)

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Elle finit (She finishes)

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Nous finissons (We finish)

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Vous finissez (You finish)

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Ils finissent (They finish)

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Elles finissent (They finish)

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The pronunciation of the verb is similar with je, tu, il/elle.

3. List of common and regular ir verbs in French

choisirto choose
maigrirto lose weight
réfléchirto think, reflect
établirto establish 
mincirto get slimmer 
réunirto get together, assemble

However, not all verbs ending in -ir share this conjugation pattern. A few are irregular such as partir, dormir, sortir, ouvrir.

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