How to conjugate French ir Verbs

Learn how to conjugate French -ir verbs

There are around 300 regular French ir verbs.
These verbs belong to the second group of the 8000 verbs.
Let me now explain the ir verb conjugation pattern.

Learn how to conjugate ir verbs with my free audio lesson and interactive exercises.

1. How to identify French ir verbs or the second conjugation pattern?

Similarly to the -er verbs, check the verb form endings.
The infinitive form of the verb ending in -ir, such as choisir indicates that the verb belong to the second group of the regular verbs in French.

2. How to conjugate ir verbs in French for forming the present tense?

If you want to conjugate a regular -ir verb:

  • drop the -ir ending from the infinitive form
  • add the appropriate conjugation endings to each person of the verb:

is for je, is for tu, it for il/elle, issons for nous, issez for vous, issent for ils/elles.


Je finis I finish

Tu finis You finish

Il finit He finishes

Elle finit She finishes

Nous finissons We finish

Vous finissez You finish

Ils finissent They finish

Elles finissent They finish

The pronunciation of the verb is similar with je, tu, il/elle.

3. List of common and regular ir verbs in French

choisir, to choose
maigrir, to lose weight
réfléchir, to think, reflect
établir, to establish
mincir, to get slimmer
réunir, to get together, assemble

However, not all verbs ending in -ir share this conjugation pattern. A few are irregular such as partir, dormir, sortir, ouvrir.

4. Test Yourself and fill in the gaps!

réagir (to react), obéir (to obey), grandir (to grow up), établir (to establish), réunir (to reunite), choisir (to choose), réfléchir (to reflect), grossir (to put on weight)

Fill in all the gaps, then press "Check" to check your answers. Use the "Hint" button to get a free letter if an answer is giving you trouble. You can also click on the "[?]" button to get a clue. Note that you will lose points if you ask for hints or clues!
Je toujours impulsivement.
Tu à mes ordres.
Pierre vite!
Marie un plan d'action.
Le 25 décembre, nous toute la famille.
Vous toujours les plus belles fleurs.
Ils pour trouver la meilleure solution.
Les femmes plus facilement que les hommes.

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